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Responsible Chihuahua Breeder Discusses Quaities Desired For Breeding Chihuahuas.
Welcome to Anika's Chihuahuas Anika's Chihuahuas Main Mission Anika's Chihuahuas Links Anika's Chihuahuas Photos DANGERS OF BREEDING MERLES Anika's Chihuahuas Main Mission

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Long Coat Chihuahua
Champion Anika-s
-Felicity-Candy-Ann-L
Chihuahua Breeding for
Conformation
Color and Coat
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Short Coat Chihuahua
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  It seems that everybody has their favorite colors and some people like long coats better than smooth coats, or vice versa. Personally, we feel a Chihuahua is a Chihuahua, regardless of their color and coat! We get asked a lot of questions about color and coats. While there are no guarantees, there do seem to be some consistencies within the breed that we have noticed over the past twenty-plus years of breeding our own Anika's Bloodlines of Chihuahua Champions At"ANIKA". 

As far as coat goes, smooth coat is dominant over long coat.  The dogs can either be a pure long, a pure smooth, or a smooth that is carrying the long coat gene as a recessive.   To put it in simple terms, long bred to long should always give you long. Pure smooth bred to pure smooth should always give you smooth.Here is another smooth coat to smooth coat breeding where a long coat came out.The second one on the left,a white long coat female with three smooth siblings and both parents are smooths.


Click to see the story behind their famous pedigree

A Smooth coat bred to long or two smooths that carry the long coat recessive (bred together) may give you either coat. [The problem (or blessing) lies in the fact that the long coat gene may be hidden inside the smooth coat dog]. Knowledgeable breeders who "line-breed" will get both coats in a litter of two smooth parents, if a common ancestor or two is long-coated. This was the cases of both my beautiful tri-colored long coat,1/2 siblings,free-whelping girl.. "Champion Candy Ann",who was a black tri-colored long coat and her brother, from a different sire, "Buttons",who was a blue-tri-colored long-coat-chihuahua out of a different sire.


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Anika's Blue
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Major/judge Ed Bivin
Breeding
Two Smooths
Together
You Can
Get a Long Coat
Especially If Linebred
candy ann=long coat out of  two smooth coats
Champion Anika's
Felicity Candy Ann-L
"Champion Anika's Felicity Candy Ann-L"

See her pictorial pedigree here!

The two coat varieties are intertwined in the pedigrees of most Chihuahuas. Most champion lines seek the two best dogs suited to each other in structure and good temperment. Color and Coat are "secondary desires" in this breed.

Now, there seem to be instances where two longs bred to one another will produce what is apparently a smoothcoat puppy but it is actually has the long coat gene but lacking in thickness of "under-coat" and or length.  Sometimes a weird coat texture,which,if "wirey",is best suited for "non-breeding",pet status.Some soft-textured smooth coats produce lovely long coats with beautiful coats.  We refer to smooth coats with the long coat gene and fuller, softer hair as "Rough coats".  Some appear to be very smooth coated dogs, despite their parentage.  Their coats will usually grow a little longer as they get a few years on them.

There is some controversy over this "poor coat gene" topic. Remember, bareness in long coats is a fault mentioned in the AKC breed standard! Many breeders feel adding smooth coat's gene actually produces thicker coats.We believe this too! Dog breeding is challenging and it breeds a lot of controversy in itself.  (Often someone absolutely will not believe in something until it happens to THEM.) 

At our HOME,we breed mostly smooth chihuahuas and alot of our fully coated long coats came from this smooth line. We have consistently line bred our dogs, not just breeding for a certain coat type or color; but to intentionally improve on or maintain the strengths in a particular dog's offspring. As you can see, our dogs coats are all very nice.The American Kennel Club doesn't make any distinction between the two for breeding purposes but they do not compete against one another in the show ring (except in group competition). 

There has been talk through the years of separating the two coat varieties into two separate breeds of dog. There is no way to do this since the varieties have been heavily interbred and they will continue to be. FONT>

Some colors seem to be dominant within the Chihuahuas, while others are more rare. We get a variety of colors within our dogs and there do seem to be some variations that you can "sort of" depend on. You can often predict a range of colors with certain line-breedings in our "ANIKA'S" bloodline. Anika's-Bloodlines started out with alot of blue tri's and black tri's and chocolate-tri's in their pedigrees.

chihuahua_pup

Below are some observations that we find to be pretty consistent: 

 1.) "Black or black and tan seems to be dominant and common." This is true for any color that has been concentrated too heavily in a pedigree. One does not want to do over-emphasize any particular color. That's why never breed two blacks together,either. The only variation in black is that solid black (no tan markings, white chest or white feet) is not extremely common.But we do get them!! 

2.) Pure white is rare. Many puppies are white at birth but develop fawn markings or spots later on. They may turn cream-colored or fawn over. 

3.) Brindle bred to brindle or fawn will usually produce some brindle pups but there may be other colors come from this breeding also. Blue Brindle is an unpredictable color, and may appear when neither parent is blue or Brindle. Our "Maggie" was a blue brindled over white, out of a fawn and a cream, with blues tri's in her backround, her daughters were all solids. Anika's has yet to ever get another pup quite marked like Maggie. She never produced any brindles but did produce some gorgeous tri's, mainly black tris when bred to a solid fawn...

4.) "Two non-blue dogs may produce blue or blue fawn dogs but it is not extremely predictable",unless they are line-bred to a blue ancestor. However,"certain lines of blue dogs sometimes have coat problems", so you should NEVER breed blue to blue you may be asking for double trouble. At Anika's we never ever did that! Occasionally, a blue spotted on white long-coated dog will have a "thinner coat on all of the blue portions", but eventually it will fill in...  We often get blue dogs from our chocolate dogs or from our black and tans and even out of two fawns if they have the blue gene ancestor(line-bred) and absolutely do NOT get skin problems or coat problems. The blue is usually a very distinct "indigo" shade of blue, and the lighter shades often fade to fawn shades of blues or red fawns.

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blue-tri-colored anika-chihuahuas smooth coat

Choclates and blues are NOT "very rare",however, they are difficult to get if the pedigree contains too many of the other dominant colors doubled up;the blue, etc., must be in the pedigree on both sides of the pedigree to insure you will produce a blue in the litter. Because I kept most of my pedigrees with coat, color and size, for many generations, prediction was often relatively easy.

5.) Spotted dogs often produce more spotted dogs, as well as other colors. I prefer to breed spotted dogs to a solid or tri for full range of colors and markings! Brindles bred to spotted dogs will sometimes produce Brindle spotted dogs. Spots can be lovely on a dog if large and placed right ;or they can create an negative looking "optical illusion" if placed inconveniently!We try

Remember....
Blues and chocolates are DILUTES! Breeding two dilutes together will negate any full expression of color in your future litters!!!It can also double up on other hidden defects on genes that link to certain colors.For example,we will NOT be breeding Matilda(blue tri bitch pictured above pictured female dog) to a blue stud.....because we will not breed to dilute our range of possible colors in our dogs. We also used to not to breed two spotted dogs together as well any color that is bred to itself will limit our range of colors.....

6.) "If you have a black dog you can usually breed it to a light-colored dog and get a percentage of colors besides black." This, in our opinion, is a limited statement: it goes for any color..

7.) "Two dogs, bred to one another repeatedly, will often produce similar colors within the litters. Sometimes the sexes may be different but the same colors often reappear." This has not been true at our home, we get a wide range of colors...

chihuahua_pup

My mentor told me that breeding should always be planned and yet new each generation with newly anticipated results. Through the years we have come to love breeding FOR COLOR, because the structure was "set" in our bloodlines. Often we get a rainbow effect in our litters because we do not focus on any one color. One of the most exciting, appealing, and challenging things about the Chihuahua breed is waiting to see what that next litter will contain. Therefore it is our opinion that, although one should not limit the joys of this breed by simply reducing the breedings to mere "color or coat selection", one should always try for the best markings, best shaes and hope for flashytypey dogs, generally what the Chihuahua-family contains will be produced .Know your pedigree!

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A note on breeding special colors in Chihuahuas, like blues......

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You can get a blue Chihuahua from a black and tan, a chocolate, or even a fawn parent. Obviously, to get a blue Chihuahua, the parents must have a recessive blue gene in their heritage, even if it is some way back in the line. The blue of a blue Chihuahua can be part of a brindle pattern or a tri- or multi-color coat. You can enhance the possibility of having a blue or blue brindle chihuahua pup by making sure that you are mating dogs with genetic blue in their lines, but there is absolutely no surety in this.
The Anika's Chihuahuas theory is this....for breeding blue chihuahuas: "Blues and Chocolates are DILUTES! Breeding two dilutes together will negate any full expression of color in your future litters! This is primarily if the color gene is linked in some way with another defect,such as thinness or bareness of coat, which can happen. A breeder does not want to double up on other hidden defects on genes that link to certain colors."

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